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Brazil. The Corcovado towering over Rio de Janeiro. S 22 54 W 4314
Perched on a 704 m (2,310 feet) high rocky peak known as the Corcovado ("the Hunchback"), the statue of Christ the Redeemer dominates the Baia de Guanabara and its famous "Sugar loaf," as well as the whole of the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. The city's name (River of January) was the result of a mistake by the first Portuguese sailors who cast anchor there in January 1502; they thought they had found the mouth of a river. The capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, Rio de Janeiro is now a megalopolis that extends out over 50 kilometers and has a population of over 10 million. The statue of Christ the Redeemer on the Corcovado is a reminder that Brazil is the largest Catholic country in the world, with 121 million baptised. Worldwide, the Catholic Church, with its 1 billion members, is the largest group within Christianity, itself the largest religion in the world with 2 billion followers.